During the 20th Century, with its plethora of newspaper sun-sign columns, there has been an emphasis on signs rather than planets. The general public know their date of birth and revel in reading a few generalities that may discuss their type, while the writers of the columns revel in the large salaries paid to them for churning out such generalities.
Some people, anxious to hear themselves discussed in greater detail, seek out astropsychologists, who will, while examining their client's birth chart, talk about them for a considerable length of time in a vague and general way. But can the astropsychologists tell their clients anything the client did not know already? Can they predict any single thing clearly and unambiguously?
Astrologers of the 17th Century and prior to that time could do so. They were armed with the information that generations of astrologers had acquired over centuries. If you now studied such information you would discover that the techniques and methods used today have been distorted and changed almost beyond recognition, depriving astrology of its true meaning. In the old astrology, both natal and horary, the planets rule. The planets rule the signs and the signs are only like adjectives that describe or temper the planets that are positioned in them.
Certain planets are at home, or joy, in certain houses, called by Manilius their Temples, and they give their qualities to that house. For instance, Venus gives its qualities of pleasure to the 5th house. No, Venus is not associated with the 2nd house because Taurus, one of the signs it rules, is the 2nd sign - that is a modern misunderstanding.
Just as it is important to understand the matters ruled by each house, as I explained in the last issue of Considerations, so it is important to understand the matters ruled by each planet, and the signs that are ruled by them. We must understand too how to assess the strength of planets, which I will discuss later.
The Sun well placed is equivalent to a Benefic or helpful planet. It is more temperate than Mars. Yet a planet in the same sign, and within 8.5° of the Sun is called Combust and loses its strength.
The Sun is the natural significator (or symbol) of gold, the heart, of men in general, gentlemen, royalty, and magistrates. It is the person in charge, the king of the castle, workers in gold or minters of money. In a daytime chart it is the father. It symbolizes someone who will keep a promise, is trustworthy, judges well, who behaves humanely and royally (having favorites, and walking or driving in the middle of the road). He speaks deliberately with few words and loves luxury (does not want to be entertained in the kitchen). No sordid thought can enter his great heart!
Of course, if the Sun is not well placed it will symbolize a less admirable person, one who is purblind in judgment, arrogant, domineering, tiresome, extravagant, a snob, someone who hangs onto another's generosity (thinking the world owes him a living).
Illnesses of the q are those connected with the heart or mouth or eyes. Colors are gold, yellow, scarlet and purple.
Plants are those that smell pleasantly, grow majestically, and love the sun, usually being red or yellow. These planets were once believed to strengthen the heart and comfort a person, to clear the eyes and resist poison.
The places are grand buildings such as theaters and palaces.
The Sun rules not only gold but also rubies.
The Sun also rules the sign Leo.
Leo is eastern, animal, fiery, barren, masculine, commanding and creative. (This may seem an incongruous list to a natal astrologer, but if you are looking for a home, eastern may be the word you require.)
It rules the back, heart, ribs and sides of the body, and all diseases, pains and weaknesses of them, also of the eyes.
The places Leo rules are wild and rocky, barren and inaccessible, as well as forests and woods. Of buildings, it rules those that are eminent: castles, palaces and theaters. Within a house, it rules the area in the vicinity of the fireplace.
The old descriptions of appearance must surely be modified with the present mixtures of race, however, a large head and eyes (goggle eyes), upturning curly hair (it springs upwards from the scalp), and uneven teeth are common.
Countries: Italy and France. Cities: Rome and Bristol.
As in chess, the Moon, which can represent queens, is usually most important. If the Moon makes no aspect, it is called void of course, and no action can occur. The Moon is also important when deciding timing, and its speed must be taken into account.
The Moon is feminine, nocturnal, a soft tender creature, a searcher after novelties, with a natural propensity to move house, changeful in all things, timid, easily frightened, peace-loving, wanting to be irresponsible, someone who knows something of all trades.
If badly placed it signifies someone who dislikes work, who over drinks, and is idle, not really caring about the conditions in which he lives.
Yet the Moon can symbolize any woman, or queen, travelers, fugitives, those who live from the sea and from breweries, and from working with water and liquids.
In mundane astrology, it symbolizes the general public.
The Moon makes the face paler, circular and moonlike. In watery signs there are freckles.
It is connected in illnesses with the stomach, women's complaints, rheum in the eyes, rheumatism, the bladder, coughs and measles and rotten coughs.
The colors are pale, but especially silver (the color and the metal), mother of pearl, pearls, and anything that reflects.
Of planets it rules those without much flavor, as unripe fruits. Its plants have thick, soft and juicy, round leaves. Also mushrooms.
Animals that live in water like frogs and all shell fish, as well as owls.
Places ruled by the Moon are wet, like rivers, fishponds, boggy places and baths. It rules stones like crystal.
The Moon also rules the sign Cancer.
Cancer is a northern, feminine, movable, fruitful, watery, mute sign.
It rules the stomach and breasts and all illnesses and diseases connected with them. Also dropsy.
The places it rules are watery, the seaside, estuaries, rivers, springs, wells, navigable waters, marshes and ditches with rushes. In houses it rules damp basements, washhouses and cisterns.
The people usually have moon-shaped faces, small eyes, and are heavier in their upper body than in their lower (Saturn in this sign, however, greatly changes the appearance and it becomes much bonier, the face is narrower and the nose, instead of turning up, has a high bridge.) They can be recognized by their interest in food and in cooking.
Countries include China.
Mercury is either masculine or feminine, being strongly influenced by any connecting planet, either by its dispositor or by aspect. It changes sex or attitude accordingly. Of course, Mercury represents any sort of communication, letters, papers, the tongue, words, traveling here and there, cars, talking. It is the natural significator of arms, hands and shoulders. Mercury is also the significator of subtlety, tricks, cunning and perjury.
It symbolizes someone who is clever, intellectual, good at discussion, logical, eloquent, a researcher, witty, interested to learn, enjoying travel, interested in divination and, if a tradesman, very inventive and clever.
The people are tall and thin, with high foreheads, long arms and fingers.
Mercury with Saturn is heavy; with Jupiter temperate; with Mars rash, and with Venus jesting.
Mercury symbolizes mathematicians (statisticians and computers), tradesmen, office workers, secretaries, writers, poets, advocates, printers, accountants, solicitors, tailors and dressmakers.
The illnesses it rules are connected with the head, diseases of the brain, stammering, imperfections of the tongue, delusions, defective memory, hoarseness, dry cough, all snuffling in the head or nose, too much spittle, and dumbness.
Colors: gray and mixed colors.
Its plants are multi-colored and grow in sandy, barren places. They are said to help the tongue, brain and memory. They include some of the grasses. Quicksilver is associated with Mercury, as are stones that are multicolored.
The places are shops, markets, fairs, schools, bowling alleys and tennis courts.
In mundane astrology, Mercury can represent the press.
Mercury also rules the sign Gemini.
Gemini is a western, human, airy, nervous, intellectual, double-bodied, masculine sign.
It rules the arms, shoulders and veins, and any infirmities connected with them, also the nerves, breathing and delusions.
The places ruled by Gemini are high and airy, hills and mountains. These include upstairs rooms and those rooms where we play, write and read. Also, high up places, in chests and boxes.
It describes a body that is tall and straight. In centuries past the eyes would be piercing and hazel (but now, of course, we are a mixture of races) and of good sight, excellent understanding, and astute in worldly matters. I notice they will gesticulate frantically in order to communicate even more and that they seem to like emerald green.
The other sign Mercury rules is Virgo.
Virgo is southern, earthy, feminine and barren.
It rules the intestines and any illness connected with them.
Places include those connected with grain or groceries. Outdoors: cornfields and haystacks. Rooms where work is carried out like offices or studies, where books are, cupboards. Storerooms of merchandise, things at floor level and those that are low down.
The body is not as tall as Gemini. I find Virgos look downward and often find lost articles on the ground, especially metal. People who limp or nearly limp, or who walk with their feet pointed inward, often belong to this sign. They are often studious and interested in history.
They seem to like small patterns on a brown background.
Venus is called a Benefic. Venus is fortunate and rules matters connected with affection, love and lovers, and good deeds. It is feminine, the planet of enjoyment and amusement.
It symbolizes a quiet person, someone who is not likely to quarrel, pleasant, affable, who enjoys food and wine and love-making, always having love affairs, musical, sociable, and enjoying baths but not very interested in hard work.
When badly placed it makes one extravagant, riotous, and bedding where he should not, without credit or repute. This person will spend time drinking with loose companions, be careless and lazy.
It makes a body good looking with full lips, the women are pretty: "the eye full of amorous enticement." The true sign of Venus is a dimpled face. Venus brings roundness, not height.
It symbolizes jewelers, painters, drapers, musicians, songs (though now Neptune seems also connected with music), wives, mothers, young women, upholsterers, perfumers, decorators and everything connected with female adornment and beauty culture.
In illnesses it signifies those connected with the back, the belly and sex. It signifies hernias.
Its colors are light, such as sky blue, and its smells are delectable.
Vegetation includes sweet apples and white roses (but surely not all roses?), peaches and apricots, lilies and lily-of-the valley.
Places are gardens, fountains, bedrooms, beds, wardrobes, cushions, dancing schools, and places connected with beauty and art.
Copper is ruled by Venus, as is lapis lazuli, coral, alabaster, cornelian and blue sapphire.
Venus also rules the sign Taurus.
Tautus is a southern sign, earthy, feminine, animal, fixed, domesticated, obstinate, a strong sign that is slow to move and a lover of beauty.
It rules the throat and all illnesses and diseases connected with it. Its rulership of the throat produces fine singing voices.
The places it rules are low houses, farm buildings for animals, pasture and agricultural land, lightly wooded areas, and the countryside in general. In houses it rules rooms with low ceilings and cellars.
The body is short and strong with a large chest and shoulders (women are Junoesque) - I find they like slow music and the color grass green.
Countries belong to the sign include Ireland and Cyprus.
The other sign Venus rules is Libra.
Libra is a western, moveable, tropical, airy, masculine, humane sign. Thought rather than emotion predominates, and words flow.
It rules the kidneys, loins and haunches and all illnesses and diseases of them, as well as corruption of the blood. Firmicus includes the vertebrae.
The places it rules are high and windy, outhouses, places where wood is cur, hillsides and mountains. In houses the upstairs rooms, attics, one room within another, book shelves and high places.
People are straight bodied, and their faces are good-looking and well proportioned. They have soft voices, enjoy pleasant surroundings and their sort of music is melody. They seem to like sky blue, but always harmonious colors.
Countries include Japan, cities include Lisbon.
Mars is masculine, fiery, the lesser Infortune, the starter of quarrels, strife and anger, an initiator of action.
Mars well positioned denotes someone who is courageous, warlike, bold, confident, immovable, unreasonable, contentious, challenging, who enjoys war, peril and everything to do with it. Obeys nobody, submits to nobody.
If Mars is badly placed it signifies someone who loves slaughter, quarrels, murder, thievery, and is a promoter of riots, fights ands commotion. A traitor, perjurer, obscene, rash, inhumane, fearing nothing, this person is unthankful, treacherous, furious and violent, and boastful.
The physical body is strong, with big bones, and rather lean. The Martian Anglo-Saxon has a reddish face and often red to sandy hair, sharp eyes, and is an active, fearless man. If Mars is in the eastern half of the chart the body is hairy. A strong Mars shows a scar on the face.
Mars rules soldiers of all sorts -- generals, captains, sergeants, gunners - also it rules butchers, surgeons and everyone who uses knives or firearms, or who works with metal, like watchmakers and barbers, cutlers and carpenters. It rules all who rule by oppression, all who mock and scorn.
Of illnesses it signifies high fevers, migraine, shingles, diseases and illnesses of the head, and all wounds and cuts. If Mars is in a fire sign it often shows burns. All disfigurement of the head, all hurts from iron, and all illnesses that result from too much anger.
It rules red and yellow and orange, and tastes that are bitter. Its plants have sharp pointed leaves and taste hot; they grow in dry places: nettles and thistles and radish; prickly thorn trees.
Mars rules places such as furnaces, slaughterhouses, brick kilns, forges, and chimneys.
Iron is signified by Mars, and antimony and red lead.
Mars also rules the sign Aries.
Aries is an eastern, masculine, moveable, cardinal, tropical, fiery, angry, animal, intemperate, violent sign.
It rules the head and face and all pimples and disfigurement thereon, as well as ringworm, headaches, baldness, and mental troubles.
The places of Aries are those where animals such as sheep are kept, hiding places (suitable for thieves), isolated places, newly ploughed land, and in houses the roofs, ceilings and plastering.
It describes a lean body with large bones, longish face and chin. I distinguish Aries by their love of competitive sport, which includes every sort of ball game, and their love of bright blood red. If you want to find them, look at the front of the queue. Their red cars, too, are usually in the fast lane. I find they start energetically but never finish.
Countries include England and Germany.
Mars also rules the sign Scorpio.
Scorpio is northern, feminine, fixed, watery, fertile, subtle, mute,, secretive, deeply emotional, passionate and jealous.
It rules the sex organs and all illnesses connected with them. The places it rules are where insects and beetles proliferate, especially any poisonous ones. It is the natural ruler of reptiles. It rules ruins, bogs, stinking places and lakes, gardens, orchards, moors, muddy places, and in houses the kitchen or rooms with water in them, anywhere damp.
Scropio people are frequently slightly bow-legged. Their eyes are close under the brows. The energy of Mars is here brought under control, they do not start quickly like Aries, but they sustain their energy and finish their work with thoroughness. Although they do not respond to reason, only to emotion, their expressions remain deadpan and controlled, so you would never know. They make wonderful detectives, forgetting nothing. The blood red enjoyed by Aries, because of Scorpio's delayed reaction has turned a deeper color, to maroon, and mixes with the colors of the deep sea, dark green, for Scorpios have great depth. We all know what passionate lovers they are. Their conversation may stray to the subjects of death and sex.
Countries include Morocco. There was an earthquake in Turkey the day Uranus entered the sign.
Cities include Liverpool. The Liverpool beat sound of the Beatles coincided with the transit of Neptune in Scorpio. Note the homonym in my paragraph above regarding places ruled by this sign.
Jupiter is the Greater Benefic. It is masculine, temperate, fair dealing, protective, happy, content, lucky, jolly and large.
People ruled by Jupiter are magnanimous, faithful, grateful, and aspiring in thought. They have integrity, they deal fairly with all; whatever God or gods they have, the Jupiter person will love them. They are charitable to needy causes, and dislike anything sordid. They are large in body, thought and deed.
If Jupiter is badly placed these people can be wasteful, hypocritical, wanting everyone to make a fuss of them; they can be stiffly conventional.
The body is upright and tall; the teeth wide, the front ones uneven; the face is oval (like Elvis Presley's); the men often have a black beard. They have strong thighs, hence a love of walking. Their feet are the most unattractive part of the body.
People ruled by Jupiter are judges, senators, councilors, ecclesiastics, clergymen, lawyers and woolen drapers, foreigners and all middle-aged men.
Illnesses concern the liver, lungs, palpitations, pains in the back, and illnesses caused by good living.
Jupiter signifies sweet scents, large gentle animals, always horses, and whales. Also figs, lime trees, mulberry, acanthus and many other plants.
Places are courts of justice, altars, important public places, and foreign places. Tin is ruled by Jupiter, as is amethyst, topaz, emeralds and marble.
There is another side of Jupiter that symbolizes horse racing, jockeys, gambling, luck and the winner in any matter. There seems be some affinity with advertising (it is an enlarging) for Jupiter in the 10th will put your name in the newspaper.
Colors seem to be royal blue and colors that contain indigo, such as purple and navy blue.
Jupiter also rules the sign Sagittarius.
Sagittarius is an eastern, fiery, masculine, part animal (the last part), double bodied, freedom loving, optimistic sign. It is the sign and joy of Jupiter.
It rules the thighs and backside, and any disease and illness concerning them, as well as fall from horses or hurts in sport.
The places it rules are open and high, hills and fields where one can see into the distance, the open sea, and the high mountains. Also places where large animals live. In houses: upstairs and near fireplaces.
The people incline to tallness and have large front teeth. They enjoy outdoor life, especially walking with long strides. They also drive fast. All Sagittarians love Nature, whether they conserve it, or with strong t, hunt it. Nature is where they feel at home. They wear tweeds with large patterns, and checks, also fisherman's navy jerseys.
Countries include Spain. Cities include Toledo.
The Sagittarius flippancy is often misleading.
The other sign Jupiter rules is Pisces.
Pisces is a northern, watery, feminine, fruitful, mute, dreamy, bicorporeal, indecisive, self-effacing sign. It can represent a lack of action.
It rules the feet and all infirmities associated with them, yet limping seems more often to manifest in the opposite sign, Virgo. It also rules what old books call 'moist diseases'.
The ground it rules is full of water, places where there are waterfowl, springs, wells and pumps, or rivers especially when they are full of fish.
It rules places of meditation and buildings such as churches, hospitals and prisons. In houses, it rules floors and floor coverings, where shoes are kept, and places near standing water.
Pisces people have fine hair, which women can wear long like mermaids. They do not have strong straight backbones. They have difficulty finding comfortable shoes; they enjoy the sea and usually like eating fish. Many have short legs.
Countries include Portugal.
Saturn is the Greater Infortune or Malefic. Saturn is cold, melancholy, pessimistic, limiting and solitary.
It represents a man who is severe, austere, reserved and who speaks little. He is patient, someone who will acquire the goods of this world by slow and steady stages.
If Saturn is badly placed it represents someone envious, covetous, mistrustful and timid, a condemner of women. He is never content.
It signifies a body of medium height, pale complexion and black eyes. It signifies those who work with the earth, farm laborers, miners, plumbers (who work with lead), old men, and fathers in a nighttime chart. Also monks, solitary religious and beggars.
Of the body it rules the back teeth, deafness, illnesses caused by cold or melancholy, rheum, fears and fantasies. If in Leo or Scropio it causes ruptures. As the natural significator of lead it can cause lead poisoning.
Places ruled by the planet are deserts, pinewoods, places near yew trees, obscure valleys, churchyards, wells, caves, holes, ruins, graves, and in houses, dirty or dark places, and also doors and thresholds because u rules boundaries and limits.
Tastes are bitter and sharp.
Besides lead Saturn rules all hard black stones, also ordinary stones that are gray. Its color is black.
Saturn also rules the sign Capricorn.
Capricorn is a southern, moveable, earthy, feminine, melancholy, animal, cardinal, ambitious, depressed, hard working sign.
It governs the knees and all diseases connected with them, and skin and bones.
The places it rules are farm sheds where animals are kept, especially goats, or where farm implements or wood is stored, sheep pens, barren fields, dung heaps in fields, and bushy, thorny land. Also mountain paths and, in houses, places near the floor and threshold.
The people are hard working and efficient. The men are often bearded and the women's hair is often thin. They have narrow chins. Their houses often contain a goatskin rug. They like goats. They also like ladders.
Countries include India and the Orkneys.
Saturn also rules the sign Aquarius.
Aquarius is western, airy, fixed, masculine, rationale and humane. The old books say it is 'the principle house of Saturn, the house wherein he rejoiceth' (they often use the word house instead of sign).
Aquarius governs legs and ankles and all illnesses of them, and also defects of blood circulation.
The places it rules are hilly and uneven, newly dug, quarries, places where minerals have been discovered, vineyards, and places near a little spring or conduit. In houses, it rules roofs and upstairs rooms, also places off the floor that are near windows.
The people like waves of any sort, be they sound waves or sea waves. They are interested in photography. They seem to use the color yellow.
Countries belonging to this sign include Russia.
The three outer planets usually only add information to what is indicated by the seven classical bodies. A chart can often be judged without them. Mrs. Watters tells us how they can add some 'special conditions beyond the personal world of the querent.'
Uranus as every astrologer knows, rules unexpected matters like earthquakes and revolutions, also electricity, aircraft and airfields. I always connect telephone calls and divorce to it.
It represents eccentric or unusual people, probably the circulation of the blood, and (in my opinion) Prussian blue.
Neptune represents whatever dissolves. It is vague and nebulous. It rules drugs, alcohol and poison, also weakening illnesses, sleep and fraud. Its people are visionaries in whatever art form they express themselves, also occupations of the ocean. I always think poppies belong to Neptune, especially the mauve ones. Its colors are the colors of seaweed, misty colors, the color when the sea becomes almost purple.
Pluto to me equates with the word 'Ejection', also 'Bringing to Light'. I hear that in the USA it is connected with plutocracy, a lot of money. It is sometimes connected with Death, but in a way death is an ejection from this world into the next, where surely there will be a Brining to Light of what is hidden. But I do not always find Pluto signifies death. That is a recent oversimplification of its meaning.
In this next installment we must consider some terms and technicalities that belong to the old astrology, and which we use in horary, as well as the way to evaluate the planets.To be continued
This article was reproduced from Considerations Magazine (Volume XV, No. 3). Ken Gillman kindly offered text files to save my time of retyping.HSK